The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) tracks data on all U.S. electricity-generation facilities over a certain size. Both traditional fossil fuel and renewable energy plant operators are required to submit information on their facilities to the EIA. These reporting requirements apply to all solar and other generation facilities one megawatt (MW) AC and larger.
Reporting Requirements for Solar Generation Facilities
The EIA requires solar generation facilities to submit two forms, listed below. SEIA is also working with EIA to refine these forms and ease future compliance. Please contact our staff experts if you are interested in participating in this process.
Form EIA-860 "Annual Electric Generator Report"
This form collects data on the status of existing electric generating plants in the United States, and those scheduled for initial commercial operation within 10 years of the specified reporting period. All existing and proposed generation facilities one MW (AC) or larger are required to submit this information. The data from this form appear in several EIA publications, including the Electric Power Monthly, Electric Power Annual, and the Annual Energy Review. The data collected on this form are used to monitor the current status and trends of the electric power industry and to evaluate the future of the industry.
Form EIA-860 must be submitted directly to the EIA annually on or before March 31. This is a legally-enforceable requirement and EIA has the authority to penalize anyone who does not supply this data. EIA collects this information from power plants of all fuel sources. Because solar facilities have different characteristics than other power plants, EIA has devised a “Short Form” for solar facilities, which is available, with instructions, on the SEIA website here: LINK HERE. You may register your solar facilities with EIA at any point during the year.
To register as a new user of the EIA electronic system, click here. If you have questions about filling out form EIA-860, contact Vlad Dorjets, 202-586-3141 or Vlad.Dorjets@eia.gov.
Form EIA-923 “Power Plant Operations Report”
This form collects information from electric power plants and combined heat and power (CHP) plants in the United States. Data collected on this form include electric power generation, fuel consumption, fossil fuel stocks, delivered fossil fuel cost, combustion byproducts, etc. These data are used to monitor the status and trends of the electric power industry and appear in many U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications. All facilities 1 MW or greater must file Form EIA-923 on an annual basis.
In addition, a sample of plants must submit information to EIA on a monthly basis. The following deadlines apply:
- Monthly respondents are required to file SCHEDULE 1 through SCHEDULE 5 and SCHEDULE 9 of this form with EIA by the last day of the month following the reporting period. For example, if reporting for July, survey data are due on August 31.
- Supplemental respondents (monthly respondents’ filings of Schedule 6 through Schedule 8) are required to file the form approximately 45 calendar days after the form opens for data entry, typically around March 31 following the end of the reporting year.
- Annual respondents are required to file the form approximately 45 calendar days after the form opens for data entry, typically around March 31 following the end of the reporting year. (Schedules 3A, 5A, and 8D require monthly level data for the calendar year. All other schedules collect aggregated annual data for the calendar year.) This is a legally-enforceable requirement and EIA has the authority to penalize anyone who does not supply this data.
Form EIA-923 and the instructions for filing are available here: http://www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/forms/eia923.doc
You may also file electronically here. If you have questions about filling out form EIA-923, contact Channele Wirman at 202-586-5356 or firstname.lastname@example.org.